About Namibia

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. The name of the country is derived from the Namib Desert, considered to be the oldest desert in the world. It is the second least densely populated country in the world.

Photo ©Paul van Schalkwyk


Capital city: Windhoek

Independence: 21 March 1990

Current president: Hage Geingob

Multiparty parliament

Nine political parties are represented in the National Assembly, the lower chamber of parliament

Democratic constitution

Division of power between executive, legislature and judiciary

Secular state, freedom of religion (90% Christian)

Freedom of press/media

Namibia is divided into 14 regions


2.3 million

Density: 400 000 inhabitants in Windhoek (15% of total)

Official Language: English

14 regions, 13 ethnic cultures, 16 languages and dialects

Adult literacy rate: 85%

Population growth rate: 2.6%

Educational institutions: over 1700 schools, various vocational and tertiary institutions


Summer time: GMT + 2 hours from the first Sunday in September to the 1st Sunday in April.

Winter time: GMT + 1 hour away from the first Sunday in April to the 1st Sunday in September.

Photo ©Paul van Schalkwyk
Photo ©Paul van Schalkwyk


Nature reserves: 15% of surface area

Highest mountain: Brandberg

Other prominent mountains: Spitzkoppe, Moltkeblick, Gamsberg

Weather: Namibia has more than 300 days of sunshine per year with generally dry winters (June – August). Rainy season is usually between February and April.

Perennial rivers: Orange, Kunene, Okavango, Zambezi and Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe

Ephemeral rivers: Numerous, including Fish, Kuiseb, Swakop and Ugab


Currency: The Namibia Dollar (N$) is fixed to and on par with the SA Rand.

Foreign currency, international Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Diners Club credit cards are accepted.


Main sectors: Mining, fishing, tourism & agriculture

Biggest employer: Agriculture (46%)

Fastest growing sector: Tourism

Tourism: Despite the remote nature of much of the country, Namibia has seaports, airports, highways and railways. Namibia generally attracts eco-tourists with the majority visiting to experience the different climates and natural geographical landscapes such as the great eastern desert and plains. There are many lodges and reserves to accommodate eco-tourists. The most visited places include the Caprivi Strip, Fish River Canyon, Sossusvlei, the Skeleton Coast Park, Sesriem, the coastal towns of Lüderitz, Walvis Bay and Swakopmund as well as Etosha National Park.

Mining: Diamonds, uranium, copper, lead, zinc, magnesium, cadmium, arsenic, pyrites, silver, gold, lithium minerals, dimension stones (granite, marble, blue sodalite) and many semi-precious stones

Photo ©Paul van Schalkwyk
Photo ©Paul van Schalkwyk


Namibia’s abundant wildlife is arguably its greatest tourist asset.

Big game: Elephant, lion, rhino, buffalo, cheetah, leopard, giraffe

20 antelope species

240 mammal species (14 endemic)

250 reptile species

50 frog species

676 bird species

Endemic birds including Herero chat, rockrunner, Damara tern, Monteiro’s hornbill

Namibia hosts a wealth of small mammals, including mongoose and jackal; the less common, solitary and nocturnal aardvark; and the honey badger

Endangered mammals are wild dog, cheetah, black rhino, lion, puku, oribi and waterbuck

For the latest travel & tourism news or to learn more about Namibia visit Travel News Namibia.